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Miniature American Eskimo Dog

Miniature American Eskimo Dog

The Miniature American Eskimo Dog is, comparatively speaking, the medium-sized version of this breed of companion dog from Germany. In terms of size, it is placed between the Toy and Standard versions. Despite what the name implies, the Miniature American Eskimo Dog did not originate from the United States in general and Alaska in particular. Rather, it traces its origins to Northern Europe—Germany, to be precise. Its ancestor is the German Spitz, small Nordic watch dogs that are characterized by fox-like faces, robust coats, small pricked ears, and tails that carried up over the back. The German Spitz were common in German immigrant households in the U.S. during the 19th century, and they were sometimes known as the American Spitz. The breed grew in popularity when they were extensively used in circuses throughout the country; they were particularly valued for their brilliant white coats and the ability to perform tricks. In 1917—at the height of World War I and the anti-German prejudice that came with it—the American Spitz was renamed the American Eskimo Dog.

Breed Characteristics

Preferred Climate:Any Climate
Group:Non-Sporting (Utility)
Life Span:12-16 Years
Nicknames:Miniature Eskie

Miniature American Eskimo Dog Build Information

The Miniature American Eskimo Dog stands 12 to 15 inches and weighs about 20 pounds. Compactly built and well balanced with an alert, smooth gait, the dog possesses erect triangularly shaped ears and a rich plume for a tail. The double coat—which consists of a short, dense undercoat; and a straight outer coat—is white- or white-and-biscuit-colored, with no markings.

Length (Male):13-20 in.
Length (Female):14-16 in.
Weight:15 - 25 lbs
Litter Size:4 - 5 Puppies
Tail Dock or Crop:No

Behaviour and Personality

Classified as a non-sporting dog, the Miniature American Eskimo Dog is breed to handle any weather. However, it thrives best in the cold. It is eager to please, and it is quick to learn new tasks; these attributes help make it an excellent trick dog. As a high-energy dog, the Eskimo Dog requires lots of exercise, attention, and preoccupation. A securely fenced yard with various toys would be extremely helpful in this regard; otherwise it can get restless and destructive.

Activity Level:Active
Affection Level:Very Affectionate
Aggressiveness Level:Easy
Dominating or Submissive?:None
Energy Level:Active
Good to Other Pets:Friendly
Guardian Skills:No
Kid Friendliness:Friendly


Due to its pure white voluminous double coat, the Miniature American Eskimo Dog requires regular brushing and bathing to maintain its treasured appearance.

Grooming:Medium Maintenance
Coat Type:Dense

Miniature American Eskimo Dog Common Health Conditions

Miniature American Eskimo Dogs are particularly prone to the following diseases: hip dysplasia, Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease, progressive retinal atrophy, and juvenile cataracts. You can seek health clearances from organizations or educational institutions like the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA), the Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF) or Auburn University.

Miniature American Eskimo Dog Pet Insurance

When adding a dog or cat to your family you want to make sure your pet is happy, healthy and protected. During its lifetime your pet is exposed to many illnesses and diseases and some breeds are affected by a congenital disease which is a condition existing at birth. At these moments when your pet is ill or maybe needs surgery, you want to be protected for the unexpected and high veterinarian costs.

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Breed Talents and Facts

Notable for its beauty, the Miniature American Eskimo Dog affectionately referred to as “the dog beautiful”. It is also called “Eskie” for short. Other alternate names hearken to the dog’s origin or naming history, such as the American Spitz, Eskimo Spitz or German Spitz. The American Eskimo Dog was accepted as a breed by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1994. The AKC classifies the personality of this breed as perky, playful, and smart.

Hunting Companion:No
Jolly for Jogging:Yes
Sighting Capabilities:No
Ideal for Tracking:No
Retrieving Skills:No
Pointing Breed:No
Herding Skills:No
Dutiful Watchdog:Yes
Security Guard Capable:No
Police Performer:No
Wet Water rescues:No
Assist Disable Owners:No
Dog Sledding:No
Able to Perform Dog Carting:No
Fun with Lure Coursing:No
Possible Schutzhund Work:No
Trainable for Tricks:Yes